By Ishdeep Kohli, International HIV/AIDS Alliance
People who inject drugs remain one of the highest-risk groups for contracting HIV, but infringements of their human rights around the world threatens to derail progress on ending AIDS.
Globally, around 16 million people inject drugs (WHO) and 3 million of them are living with HIV – and it is critical that their needs are represented at the 20th International AIDS Conference .
Asia Pacific is the second region in the world most affected by HIV and now home to an estimated 4.9 million people living with HIV (UNAIDS). The majority of infections have occurred through sharing injecting equipment and unprotected sex. More...
By Marian Pitts, La Trobe University
This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.
In the three decades since the virus was identified, Australia has done well by international standards in keeping HIV infection rates down. But certain aspects of our national approach continue to risk the national prevention strategy, and stigmatise people with HIV.
The last 32 years have seen numerous advances in HIV, from the early deaths in 1983, including the deaths of four Queensland babies who received blood transfusions, which led to the blood-screening program; through to the introduction of early combination therapy in 1992 and the reduction in people dying from AIDS-related illnesses after the introduction of combination therapy in 1996.
Since 1999, there has been a small but significant yearly increase in the number of people newly diagnosed with HIV; more people living relatively well with HIV increases the risk of exposure through unsafe sex. More...